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A speech disorder refers to a problem with the actual production of sounds. Speech disorders include articulation, fluency, resonance, and voice disorders. Language disorders include receptive, expressive, and cognitive-communication disorders.
Our General Scope of Practice
Speech / Language disorders
When a person is unable to produce speech sounds correctly or fluently, or has problems with his or her voice, then he or she has a speech disorder. Difficulties pronouncing sounds, or articulation disorders, and stuttering are examples of speech disorders. For more..
If you have a swallowing disorder, you may have difficulty or pain when swallowing. Some people cannot swallow at all. Others may have trouble swallowing liquids, foods, or saliva. This makes it hard to eat. Often, it can be difficult to take in enough calories and fluids to nourish your body. For more..
We have all experienced problems with our voices, times when the voice is hoarse or when sound will not come out at all! Improper use or overuse of voice could lead to a short-term or long-term voice disorder. Disorders include vocal fold nodules and polyps, vocal fold paralysis, spasmodic dysphonia, and more. For more..
Language Acquisition disorders
Language-based learning disabilities are problems with age-appropriate reading, spelling, and/or writing. This disorder is not about how smart a person is. Most people diagnosed with learning disabilities have average to superior intelligence. The child with dyslexia has trouble almost exclusively with the written (or printed) word. For more..
Everyone speaks with an accent. You may speak English with an accent from a different region in the United States. You may speak English with an accent because English is not your first language. You may speak French with an English accent. In our world today, people move from state to state and from country to country. For more..
Aphasia is a communication disorder that results from damage to the parts of the brain that contain language (typically in the left half of the brain). Individuals who experience damage to the right side of the brain may have additional difficulties beyond speech and language issues. Aphasia may causes difficulties in speaking, listening, reading, and writing, but does not affect intelligence. For more..
Apraxia of speech is a motor speech disorder. The messages from the brain to the mouth are disrupted, and the person cannot move his or her lips or tongue to the right place to say sounds correctly, even though the muscles are not weak. The severity of apraxia depends on the nature of the brain damage. For more..
Articulation / Phonological disorder
Most children make some mistakes as they learn to say new words. A speech sound disorder occurs when mistakes continue past a certain age. Every sound has a different range of ages when the child should make the sound correctly. Speech sound disorders include problems with articulation (making sounds). For more..
Augmentative / Alternative Communication
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) includes all forms of communication (other than oral speech) that are used to express thoughts, needs, wants, and ideas. We all use AAC when we make facial expressions or gestures, use symbols or pictures, or write. For more..
If you are an adult, aural/audiologic rehabilitation services will focus on adjusting to your hearing loss, making the best use of your hearing aids, exploring assistive devices that might help, managing conversations, and taking charge of your communication. Services can be individual, in small groups, or a combination of both. For more..
Autism is a developmental disability. Children with autism, also known as autism spectrum disorder or ASD, have communication and language problems. They also have restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities, such as flipping objects, echolalia, or excessive smelling or touching of objects. For more..
Central Auditory Processing
In recent years, there has been a dramatic upsurge in professional and public awareness of Auditory Processing disorders (APD), also referred to as Central Auditory Processing disorders (CAPD). Unfortunately, this increase in awareness has resulted in a plethora of misconceptions and misinformation. For more..
The term "cleft" means a split or a divide. Children can be born with a variety of cleft types and with variable severity. In a cleft lip there is a separation of the sides of the upper lip. This separation often includes the bones of the upper jaw and/or gum. For more..
Cognitive Communication disorders
Cognitive Communication disorders are difficulty with any aspect of communication that is affected by disruption of cognition. Some examples of cognitive processes include: attention, memory, organization, problem solving/reasoning, and executive functions. Problems in these areas can affect verbal and nonverbal communication. For more..
Speech Improvement (public speaking)
An individual may say words clearly and use long, complex sentences with correct grammar, but still have a communication problem - if he or she has not mastered the rules for social language known as pragmatics. Adults may also have difficulty with pragmatics. For more..
Development of SLP technology
Technology is a wonderful thing and we are seeing it used more and more in Speech-Language Pathology practices. Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) are using computers, tablets, smart phones, smart boards, and more in speech therapy for a variety of purposes. For more..
Fluency and Fluency disorders
Fluency is the aspect of speech production that refers to continuity, smoothness, rate, and effort. Stuttering, the most common fluency disorder, is an interruption in the flow of speaking characterized by repetitions (sounds, syllables, words, phrases), sound prolongations, blocks, interjections, and revisions. For more..
Laryngeal cancer occurs when cancerous (malignant) cells form on the tissues of the larynx, or voice box. The larynx contains the vocal folds. The vocal folds vibrate. This makes sound when air is directed against them. A person's voice is heard when this sound echoes through the throat, mouth, and nose. For more..
“Specific learning disability” means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, which may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations. For more..
The study of Multicultural / Multilingual issues (MMI) is a virtual neonate within the field of communication sciences and disorders (CSD). Even newer is the inclusion of MMI content in the professional education of speech-language pathologists (SLP) and audiologists. For more..
Neurogenic Communication disorders
The array of communication disorders that result from neurological impairment in adults will be presented. Special emphasis will be provided to the aphasias, right hemisphere impairment, traumatic brain injury, and the dementias. Motor speech disorders, the dysarthrias and apraxias, will also be reviewed. For more..
Orofacial Myofunctional disorders
With OMD (Orofacial Myofunctional disorders), the tongue moves forward in an exaggerated way during speech and/or swallowing. The tongue may lie too far forward during rest or may protrude between the upper and lower teeth during speech and swallowing, and at rest. For more..
Phonological and Phonetic disorder
Speech sound disorders is an umbrella term referring to any combination of difficulties with perception, motor production, and/or the phonological representation of speech sounds and speech segments (including phonotactic rules that govern syllable shape, structure, and stress, as well as prosody) that impact speech intelligibility. For more..
SLPs work with teams of parents, other caregivers, and professionals to coordinate services that are family-centered, culturally appropriate, comprehensive, and compassionate, and that produce functional outcomes. For more..